How AI and ML Can Transform Healthcare Sector and Ensure Patient Care

by | Published on Apr 20, 2020 | Data Entry Services

how ai and ml can transform the healthcare industry

Data entry with the assistance of data entry services helps to broaden network availability through managing remote data more effectively, and helps to achieve better responsiveness through its capacity to enter data in real time. Real time data entry helps to improve healthcare documentation and AI tools facilitate accurate data extraction and clinical documentation.

3 Ways AI Can Transform Healthcare by 2030

  • AI-powered predictive care: With AI’s predictive analysis, healthcare professionals and clinicians can understand more about various factors that influence health not just when we get flu but things relating to where we are born, what we eat, where we work, what our local air pollution levels are, or whether we have access to safe housing and a stable income. By 2030, the healthcare system can anticipate when a person is at risk of developing a chronic disease and also suggest preventive measures before health worsens.
  • Connected care with networked hospitals: Along with predictive analysis, there will be networked hospitals and connected care. It is believed that in 2030, a hospital will no longer be one big building that treats a broad range of diseases but one that focuses care on the acutely ill and highly complex procedures. Less urgent cases will be monitored and treated via smaller hubs and spokes, such as retail clinics, same-day surgery centers, specialist treatment clinics and even people’s homes. The locations of the hospitals are connected to a single digital infrastructure. Centralized command centers analyze clinical and location data to monitor supply and demand across the network in real time. Using AI, patients at risk of deterioration can be spotted and this network helps to remove all bottlenecks in the system and provide better care to the patients.
  • Better patient and staff experience: Studies have long shown that patients can have a direct effect on whether they get better or not and for clinicians, better work experiences is becoming increasingly urgent. In 2030, AI-powered predictive healthcare networks help in minimizing wait times, improve staff workflows and take on the ever-growing administrative burden. The more AI is used in clinical practice, the more clinicians will trust this technology to augment their skills in areas such as surgery and diagnosis.

Although healthcare has been late to adopt Artificial intelligence, it has improved efficiency, satisfaction, and outcomes. Three hospitals in Toronto are now using machine learning to predict and prevent overcrowding in the emergency rooms and test artificial intelligence for direct patient care. The Hospital for Sick Children is using machine learning algorithm to predict patient surges in the emergency room. It uses historical data from three years and the prediction software runs continuously in the background of day-to-day operations. It measures variables like patient numbers, available beds, and the time and day of the week.

Dr. Tania Principi, a Sick Kids emergency physician and director of strategic operations said that the emergency room would overflow with 200 or more patients per day. But today, with ML we see over 250 patients a day because, the algorithm gives physicians and nurses a two-hour warning of surge. This allows them to bring in additional physicians and make more treatment spaces available by discharging or moving patients to inpatient wards. It also helps clinicians to direct the traffic efficiently. Dr. Jason Fischer, the division head of emergency medicine at Sick Kids said that they relied on their frontline staff to make judgments about how their resources were being used in the moment, and what was distracting them in their clinical work. This tool is highly useful for managing crowd, demand staffing, increasing situational awareness, and standardizing protocols.

In North York General Hospital, artificial intelligence is being used to forecast crowding months in advance at one of Canada’s largest volume emergency departments. The inflow of patients increases especially during Christmas holiday period and if it overlaps with the flu season at all, then it puts a lot of strain on healthcare professionals and clinicians. During such difficult times extra physicians, extra nurses, and extra resources from the geriatric care and allied health teams helped weather the storm and just knowing extra resources are coming helps with psychological resilience preparation for the team.

St. Michael’s Hospital of Unity Health in Toronto now has a staff of 20 artificial intelligence and data analytics scientists developing machine learning applications for many areas of the hospital. According to Dr. Muhammad Mamdani, vice president of data sciences and health analytics, the use of machine learning to anticipate emergency crowding was an obvious entry point into healthcare, as emergency department crowding is highly predictable. He also said that acting on these predictions makes it easier for their patients also.

Although AI and ML can provide many advantages to the healthcare industry, it lacks some limitation. ML and AI can predict only on the basis of events that have happened before. On events like COVID -19 these advanced technologies may not be able to help.

With the objective of improving efficiency and reducing the time in managing data, we are moving towards and age of automation. With the reliable medical data entry service, all medical data can be stored digitally, which can be used for predictive analysis and better decision-making that is important with regard to providing quality patient care.

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